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The Influence of Race and Racial Identity in Psychotherapy: Toward a Racially Inclusive Model


reviewed by Harry C. Triandis 1997

coverTitle: The Influence of Race and Racial Identity in Psychotherapy: Toward a Racially Inclusive Model
Author(s): Robert T. Carter
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience, New York
ISBN: 047124533X, Pages: 320, Year: 1998
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Carter argues that race (skin color, physical features) is a taboo topic in the United States among mental health professionals, and he recommends that it be given a central position in theorizing about psychopathology. Specifically, he argues that racial identity should be a central concern in the construction of theories about psychopathology. He asserts that both European Americans and African Americans go through a specific set of stages while they develop a racial identity. This identity affects their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, and we cannot understand the interaction between European and African Americans in the United States unless we understand the role of racial identity. According to Carter, black racial identity occurs in eight stages, from the pre-encounter stage, which includes idealization of whites, anxiety, low self-esteem, and a weak ego, to the internalization stage, which includes a black-oriented world view, self-confidence, security, a weak ego, culture paranoia, Afrocentric cultural values, and group activism. There are five stages of Euro-American racial identity, according to Carter, ranging from the contact... (preview truncated at 150 words.)


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Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 98 Number 3, 1997, p. 563-565
http://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 9626, Date Accessed: 12/15/2017 8:51:40 AM

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