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Building Community in Schools

reviewed by Etta Kralovec Mooser - 1995

coverTitle: Building Community in Schools
Author(s): Thomas J. Sergiovanni
Publisher: Jossey-Bass Publishers, San Francisco
ISBN: 1555425712, Pages: 224, Year: 1994
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While the theme of Thomas J. Sergiovanni's work, creating communities of schools, has its roots in the progressive era of educational reform in mid-century America, he brings new insights from his previous work on leadership and his expertise on school change. The framework that Sergiovanni uses for his definitions of community are the concepts of "gemeinschaft" and "gesselschaft." According to Sergiovanni, gemeinschaft, characterized by organic relationships and community values, has eroded in modern society into gesselschaft, which is characterized by contractual relationships. He draws on the work of Tonnies to describe the differences: "In gemeinschaft, natural will is the prime motivating force. People relate to each other because doing so has its own intrinsic meaning and significance. . . In gesselschaft, rational will is the prime motivating force" (p. 9). Sergiovanni draws on work in sociology, evolutionary biology, and psychology to articulate an inherent need in the individual for community. Following Talcott Parsons, he explores the nature of relationships in community and argues that a continuum exists between gemeinschaft... (preview truncated at 150 words.)

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Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 96 Number 3, 1995, p. 580-582
https://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 71, Date Accessed: 4/10/2020 6:22:25 AM

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