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Paradoxes of Desegregation: African American Struggles for Educational Equity in Charleston, South Carolina, 1926-1972


reviewed by Jayne R. Beilke — December 20, 2006

coverTitle: Paradoxes of Desegregation: African American Struggles for Educational Equity in Charleston, South Carolina, 1926-1972
Author(s): R. Scott Baker
Publisher: University of South Carolina Press, Columbia
ISBN: 1570036322 , Pages: 248, Year: 2006
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R. Scott Baker has written an engaging and revealing history of the ways in which racial policies disguised as educational policies were used to preserve the status quo of race and class in South Carolina by resisting school desegregation. The first systematic challenge to the southern caste system occurred in the late 1930s when activist educators joined with the NAACP in campaigns to equalize the salaries of white and black teachers. The response was the adoption of standardized tests to maintain salary differentials that could no longer be based solely on race. The new system, which was based on scores on the National Teacher Examination (NTE), was approved by the legislature in 1945. Other southern states followed this lead, making teacher testing part of the new and, according to Baker, more rational and durable educational order that replaced the caste system in the South. At the level of higher education,... (preview truncated at 150 words.)


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Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record, Date Published: December 20, 2006
http://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 12899, Date Accessed: 10/22/2017 5:09:48 PM

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About the Author
  • Jayne Beilke
    Ball State University
    E-mail Author
    JAYNE R. BEILKE is Professor of Educational Studies at Ball State University. Her most recent (2006) publications include an essay on John Gregg Fee in the Encyclopedia of Antislavery and Abolition, Vol. 1 edited by Peter Hinks and John McKivigan; and a thematic essay on multicultural education in The American Midwest: An Interpretive Encyclopedia edited by Richard Sisson, Christian Zacher, and Andrew R. L. Cayton. Professor Beilke is currently at work on a textbook on the history of African American education. She is also the current president of the Muncie (IN) branch of the NAACP.
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