This paper limits its critique to only one aspect of the workresources. It doesnt critique or address the constructs of hidden rules, language, and cognitive structuresor the instructional interventions that are recommended. Its a very incomplete analysis of Framework.
This paper also examines the possibility that Framework fills a void not addressed by universities. I would agree with that. The void is linked in part to two issues: (1) the lack of research money for education (the U.S. government gives $27 billion annually to health research and $260 million annually to education research, which is why the National Institutes of Health is now doing research on reading) and (2) the lack of a good methodology to study social phenomena.
To quote Jared Diamond, a researcher from Harvard and author of the Pulitzer prize-winning book Guns, Germs and Steel:
Science is often misrepresented as the body of knowledge acquired by performing replicated controlled experiments in the laboratory. Actually, science is something much broader: the acquisition of reliable knowledge about the world
When I began studying birds in New Guinea rainforest in 1964, I was immediately confronted with the problem of acquiring reliable knowledge without being able to resort to replicated controlled experiments
Its usually neither feasible, legal, nor ethical to gain knowledge about birds by experimentally exterminating or manipulating their populations at one site while maintaining their populations at another site
(Collapse, p. 17).
And so it is with people. Framework focuses on the findings of a 30-year longitudinal case study of one neighborhood of poverty, which was the one in which my former husband lived.
The book was written primarily for teachers, not researchers, to help them understand the realities of the classroom, as well as the home environments of many of their students. To more fully address systemic and political/economic issues, were in the process of rewriting portions of the book with additional research citations to clarify the research base. Were also in the process of gathering quantitative data at different sites. Preliminary findings indicate that the Framework approach does make a significant difference in student achievement.