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Organized Resistance and Black Educators' Quest for School Equality, 1878 - 1938


by Vanessa Siddle Walker 2005

Historical accounts of advocacy for equality in educational facilities and resources for Blacks during de jure segregation in the South have generally minimized, or ignored, the role of Black educators. This article challenges the omission of Black educators in the historical portrait by providing a historical analysis of four periods of teacher activism in Georgia prior to Brown. Results indicate that, through their organizational structure, Black educators consistently advocated for improved facilities, bus transportation, longer school terms, high schools, and better salaries. Although the success of their activities was mediated by the Southern political context of the era in which they advocated, the Black teachers' organization was the most organized agent for change throughout this period.


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Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 107 Number 3, 2005, p. 355-388
http://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 11791, Date Accessed: 12/15/2017 3:21:42 AM

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About the Author
  • Vanessa Walker
    Emory Iniversity
    E-mail Author
    VANESSA SIDDLE WALKER is professor and Winship Distinguished Research Professor at Emory University. For 15 years, her research has focused on the segregated schooling of African American children in the South, considering both portraits of individual school communities (Their Highest Potential, University of North Carolina Press) and, more recently, the network of educational activity that undergirded the development of these schools throughout the South. The latter results are reported in the American Educational Research Association Journal, the Review of Educational Research, and a book forthcoming (Principal Leaders, University of North Carolina Press).
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