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by Dennis Barr, Beth Boulay, Robert Selman, Rachel McCormick, Ethan Lowenstein, Beth Gamse, Melinda Fine & M. Brielle Leonard — 2015
This article reports on a randomized controlled experiment examining the impact of a professional development intervention that helps teachers foster students’ historical thinking skills, social and ethical reflection, and civic learning.

by Kenneth Zeichner & César Peña-Sandoval — 2015
This article analyzes the role of venture philanthropy in shaping teacher education policies in the United States, with a particular focus on the role of the New Schools Venture Fund in promoting the Growing Excellent Achievement Training Academies for Teachers and Principals Act (GREAT Act).

by Kurt Landgraf — 2014

by Robert Mislevy — 2014
This article explains the idea of a neopragmatic postmodernist test theory and offers some thoughts about what changing notions concerning the nature of and meanings assigned to knowledge imply for educational assessment, present and future. Reprinted with permission from Transitions in Work and Learning: Implications for Assessment, 1997, by the National Academy of Sciences, Courtesy of the National Academies Press, Washington, D.C.

by Randy Bennett — 2014
This paper makes 13 claims about what educational assessment must do if it is to remain relevant in the face of rapid and potentially dramatic changes in education and society.

by Eva Baker — 2014
The article provides a rationale for the focus on assessment for learning, that is to assist and improve performance, as opposed to the prevalent approach of assessment of learning, focused on time constrained summative judgments. In the article, we also discuss the likely changes wrought by new and unstable knowledge, technology, and global competition, in the light of democratic educational approaches.

by Kenneth Gergen & Ezekiel Dixon-Román — 2014
In the present offering we challenge the presumption that the educational testing of students provides objective information about such students. This presumption largely rests on an empiricist account of science. In light of mounting criticism, however, empiricist foundationalism has given way to a social epistemology. From this standpoint, empirical data are only objective for those who share assumptions and values that are themselves without foundations. Thus, the major questions to be raised about testing are not in terms of whether test results supply the truth about those who are evaluated, but concern the utility of the tests for the full range of stakeholders. Who gains and loses as a result of testing practices, and in what ways? In the present offering we focus in particular on a range of adverse consequences. We first note the neoliberalist and individualist ideologies carried by current testing practices. We then discuss the impact on societal well-being, including the fostering of social division and distrust, the creation of hierarchies of worth, and the diminution of pluralism. We turn then to the impact of testing on the educational system, including the sacrifice of curriculum and pedagogy for the production of higher test scores, and the diminution of teacher motivation and engagement. Finally, in terms of community, there is a disregard for local needs and values, a loss in student motivation, and an increase in family tensions. We complete the paper with a discussion of possible alternatives to current testing practices, and recommendations for future policies.

by Joanna Gorin — 2014
This paper considers future educational assessment in terms of principles of evidential reasoning, focusing the discussion on the changes to the claims our assessments must support, the types of evidence needed to support these claims, and the statistical tools available to evaluate our evidence vis-à-vis the claims. An expanded view of assessment is advanced in which assessments based on multiple evidence sources from contextually rich situated learning environments, including unconventional data regarding human competencies, improve our ability to make valid inferences and decisions all education stakeholders.

by Herve Varenne — 2014
Assessments of what others have just done is an ongoing concern in everyday interaction. What we have learned about the working of these assessments might help thing through the consequences of the more formal assessments associated with teaching and learning in schools.

by Andrew Ho — 2014
This article provides a framework for functions and purposes of assessment in K–12 education and advances the notion of purpose drift: the tendency of assessment purposes to evolve and multiply over time. The author argues that validation activities should be more proactive and less reactive to purpose drift, to the extent that this drift is easy to predict.

by Robert Calfee , Kathleen Wilson, Brian Flannery & Barbara Kapinus — 2014
This article presents a working model of the formative assessment process that we think will be essential for effective implementation of the Common Core State Standards. Assessment for learning rather than testing of achievement is presented as a way of guiding teachers and students through the progressions needed to college and career readiness.

by Gregory Chung — 2014
This article discusses various levels of interaction data available in digital environments and the potential to derive systematic measures of students’ learning processes from such interaction data.

by John Behrens & Kristen DiCerbo — 2014
The ability to capture data from a wide variety of digital activity should fundamentally change how assessment is approached. Moving from an item to an activity paradigm and from individual to social considerations, along with the integration of learning and assessment, have the potential to transform how we make inferences about students.

by James Pellegrino — 2014
This article summarizes major points about the transformation of educational assessment that emerged from the work of Gordon Commission and it presents recommendations to different stakeholders as to needed changes in policy, practice, and research and development.

by Edward Haertel — 2014
Taken together, the Gordon Commission’s papers call for a radical rethinking of the ways educational assessment is used to support teaching and learning. Classroom assessment must be improved, but in addition, fundamental tensions between assessment for accountability and assessment for learning must be resolved.

by Chenoa Woods & Thurston Domina — 2014
The current study evaluates the relationship between access to school counselors and several critical indicators of student transitions between high school and college.

by Susan Moore Johnson, Stefanie Reinhorn, Megin Charner-Laird, Matthew Kraft, Monica Ng & John Papay — 2014
This interview study focuses on the role that teachers play in identifying and addressing the challenges faced by their high-poverty urban schools. We found that teachers grant their principal considerable discretion in setting the initial reform agenda but ultimately grant or withhold support based on whether their principal’s approach to teacher leadership has been inclusive or instrumental.

by — 2014
Teachers' perceptions of students' academic ability vary significantly by the race of the student. This study examines how students' test scores and teacher reports of students' social and behavioral skills explain black-white differences in teacher perceptions of students' academic ability. Using teacher fixed-effects models and the ECLS-K data from the fall and spring of kindergarten, this study finds that racial differences in teachers perceptions of students' academic ability are mostly explained by test scores, teacher reports of students' social and behavioral skills, and teachers' perceptions of academic ability from the beginning of the year. Behaving well at the beginning of the school year is especially important for teacher perceptions of black students' academic ability.

by Barbara Meyers, Teresa Fisher, Monica Alicea & Kolt Bloxson — 2014
University faculty and Teach For America personnel codesigned a multiyear qualitative examination of their joint enterprise of developing urban teachers to promote equitable educative opportunities for all children. Analysis indicates the challenges and possibilities of collaborations through (a) contract negotiation, (b) communication, (c) procedural and pragmatic congruence, (d) response to constituent needs, and (e) creation of an authentic and sustainable partnership.

by Matthew Ronfeldt — 2014
This paper uses data from the two most recent administrations of the Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), a nationally representative survey of teachers, to investigate relationships between teacher preparation and teacher outcomes. We find generally positive effects of methods coursework and practice teaching on both teachers’ perceptions of instructional preparedness and retention. Additionally, effects of either dimension of preparation are significantly greater for teachers with less preparation on the other dimension. Effects of preparation are estimated to be similar across routes of preparation and to benefit teachers from more competitive colleges at least as much, if not more. Positive effects of preparation also tend to be greater for individuals who are male and teach mathematics and science. Moreover, teachers employed in urban, rural, and secondary schools seem more responsive to additional preparation. Implications for teacher preparation policy and practice are discussed.

by Paul Fitchett, Tina Heafner & Richard Lambert — 2014
In an era of educational accountability, elementary social studies is at risk of increased marginalization as it competes for instructional time with English/language arts, math, and science. This quantitative study incorporated multilevel modeling to examine the association among elementary practitioners’ sense of instructional autonomy, teaching context, and state-level testing policies on reported social studies instructional time.

by — 2014
Over the past 40 years, the composition of the professoriate has changed substantially across all institutional types with 70% being off the tenure track. In this article, we explore the following research question: What are the beliefs systems (logics) related to the changing professoriate of the key stakeholders (.e.g. disciplinary societies, unions, trustees) within the higher education organizational field? Using a policy Delphi method, we surveyed key stakeholders and identified four different logics related to the future desired faculty model. The divergence of views and lack of a coherence among the four logics, suggests why the neoliberal logic has taken such strong hold of the academy with minimal resistance among other powerful groups that could have played a role in countering this now transformational shift in the academy. Points of consensus in the four logics provide a potential area for convergence and action to counter the influence of neoliberalism.

by Nicholas Bowman & Dafina Stewart — 2014
This article explores the extent to which students’ precollege exposure to racial/ethnic difference within schools, neighborhoods, and friendship groups predicts their complex racial attitudes upon entering college.

by Daniel Tröhler — 2014
This paper analyzes the political strategies of the early OECD stakeholders in transforming schooling from a cultural to a technological system. In doing so it focuses on the specific rhetoric these stakeholders used and how they were in need of standardizing different existing patterns of thoughts or institutional behaviors in the member countries.

by Heinz-Dieter Meyer — 2014
The article analyzes the ideological and political context and mechanisms which have allowed OECD to become a major unchecked power in global educational policy making.

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